Nes Gadol Haya Sham: Nun, the Snake: nuun, nothing. Naḥš, in modern Arabic, means bad luck. Represented by scents of loss and remembrance: opoponax and lemon verbena.
Gimel, the Camel: the Ship of the Desert. Represented by scents of abundance, fortitude, and determination: patchouli, heliotrope, pomegranate, and almond.
He, the Window: sometimes used to represent the Unutterable Name of God, this is the window in our souls through which God's light touches us. Represented by scents of clarity and piety: frankincense, myrtle, and hyssop.
Shin, the Tooth: also stands for Shaddai, one of the names of God. The hand formed into shin acts as a priestly blessing. Represented by scents of strength, generosity, kindness, and benediction: carnation, myrrh, red poppy, and hibiscus.
The essences of Nun, Gimel, He, and Shin are blended to become Nes Gadol Haya Sham.
In Bottle: Wow. A very complex scent. I can smell the patchouli, opoponax, frankincense, and lemon verbena, along with some other herb-y scents I can't place.
On me: Ok, the lemon verbena is stronger on me, and I can smell the patchouli and myrrh and maybe a hint of almond. It's a lovely scent, even if I can't parse out all the components.